The Republic of the Union of Myanmar
Ministry of Planning and Finance
Central Statistical Organization
Office 32, Nay Pyi Taw, Myanmar
1. Statistical system of the Republic of the Union of Myanmar is basically a decentralized one, with the Central Statistical Organization (CSO), under the Ministry of Planning and Finance, functioning on a national level since 1952 whilst many of government ministries set up their own planning and statistics departments and many government departments have statistical units to meet their own planning and administrative needs.
2. The Central Statistical Authority Act of 1952 empowers the Central Statistical Organization to assume a central role in national system of statistical information by performing the following functions as prescribed in Section 5(1):
- to develop a comprehensive, efficient and reliable statistical system for social and economic policy, effective planning and administration;
- review and advise on all statistical operations of the Union Government whether performed for statistical, administrative, or other purposes;
- coordinate and integrate statistics and statistical operations;
- establish, prescribe and maintain the highest statistical standards;
- organize and conduct social and economic censuses or surveys with reference to Myanmar’s economic needs and requirements, either on a prepared planned basis or on short notice as may be required.
3. CSO is composed of 6 divisions, namely Administrative, Production Statistics, Services Statistics, Trade Statistics, Income, Expenditure and Investment Statistics and Research and Development.
Implementations for Myanmar Statistical Law
4. Myanmar Statistical Law (draft) had been already approved by the Amyotha Hluttaw on 9th March, 2017.
5. Empowered by the Act, CSO is publishing the following publications on a regular basis:
Myanmar Statistical Yearbook (Annual)
The book is a national data book providing ten-year time series data on: climate, population, labour and employment, vital and health, agriculture, livestock and fishery, forestry, industry, mines and power, construction, coastal trade, foreign trade, prices and internal trade, companies and foreign investment, transport and communications, national accounts, public finance, banking and financial market, education, crime, mass media, tourism, other social, Myanmar Business Survey (2015) and household expenditures.
Quarterly Statistics Bulletin
In the Quarterly Statistics Bulletin, there are expressed as quarter by quarter comparison of Gross Domestic Product (GDP), Private/Public Production, Trade, Consumer Price Index (CPI), Rate of Inflation, the Prices of Commodities, Investment, Monetary, Transportation, Tourism and Labor statistics.
Selected Monthly Economic Indicators (monthly)
This publication provides monthly data on: Foreign Trade, Production, Price, Finance, Investment, Transport and Travel, Labour and Employment.
Myanmar Agricultural Statistics (1997-1998 to 2009-2010)
The book is published in collaboration with the Ministry of Agriculture and Irrigation urgency of the need for time- series data on agriculture to the support the realization of basic economic objectives of the country.
Livestock and Fisheries Statistics (2008-2009)
The book is published in collaboration with the Ministry of livestock and fisheries. It contains detailed statistical information which indicates the existing situation of livestock and fisheries statistics.
Myanmar Forestry Statistics (2001-2002 to 2010-2011)
The book is published in collaboration with the Ministry of Environmental Conservation and Forestry (formely known as Ministry of Forestry) This publication provides data of information with detailed forestry statistics, but also reflects its significant role of the forestry.
Myanmar Agricultural Statistics (2006-2007 to 2015-2016)
The book is published in collaboration with the Ministry of Agriculture, livestock and Irrigation and Ministry of Natural Resources and Environmental Conservation. It offers detailed statistical information of Population, Weather and Land, Inputs, Production, Export and Import about Agriculture, livestock and Forestry statistics.
Vital Statistics Report
The report provides vital statistics relating to live births, still births, deaths, infant mortality, under 5 mortality, maternal mortality, causes of death as well as life expectancy at birth by township and by urban/rural.
Household Income and Expenditure Survey
This Household Income and Expenditure Survey was conducted with the following objectives: to investigate into the change in consumption pattern, and expenditure of households at the township level, State and Region level and Union level, separately for urban and rural areas, to get the necessary weights in computing Consumer Price Index (CPI) for the cities and for the Union and to access the standard of living of the households and the poverty level in Myanmar.
Rural Development Survey in Dry Zones
This Rural Development Survey was conducted with the following objectives: to analysis by comparing of economic, social, education and health status improvement and development in the rural villages, to analysis by computing and comparing of improvement indicators to be able to measure of the rural villages development and to access the standard of living of the households and the poverty level in Myanmar.
Informal Sector Survey
This Informal Sector Survey was conducted with the following objectives: to obtain information on the Informal Employment and Informal Income, it is also intended to use the GDP calculation when the method of 93 SNA, 2008 SNA is used.
Myanmar Business Survey (2015)
The objective of the Myanmar Business Survey 2015(MBS) is to address these limitations and to provide comprehensive economic statistics on the private sector of Myanmar, to inform both government policy-makers and non-government stakeholders, and to provide a key data source for the calculation of national accounts.
Myanmar Living Conditions Survey (MLCS)
The main objectives of the Myanmar Living Conditions Survey (MLCS) are providing the updated estimates of poverty and living conditions at the State/Region level, to inform National data needs and selected SDG targets, Construct consumption weights for the National CPI basket, potentially with Rural/Urban and State/Region level breakdown and estimate Private Consumption Expenditure (PCE) for the System of National Accounts (SNA). This survey will conduct in every (5) years.
National Mortality Survey
The survey is to be conducted every ten years to measure infant, under 5 and maternal mortality. It provides birth and death information by urban-rural residence and by gender.
Report on ad hoc surveys on: private industries, private transport, housing construction, agricultural cost, children and women, vital registration completeness survey, wholesale and retail price survey, etc.
6. Apart from the statistical work mentioned above, a number of nation-wide censuses and surveys had been undertaken by respective government agencies to meet their own statistical needs, such as Census of Agriculture (Settlement and Land Record Department), Integrated Household Living Conditions Assessment Surveys (Department of Planning), Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey on Myanmar Children (Department of Planning, Department of Planning and Statistics, Ministry of Health). Population census due in 1973 has yet to be undertaken by Population Department.
7. The electronic version (CD Product) of the Statistical Yearbooks have been available since 1997. It is a user-friendly web Interface system on the CD-ROM to retrieve and/or print the time-series socio-economic data on Myanmar. The data can also be loaded on the Excel format for further analysis.
8. Develop the Statistical Database Management and Service System which is an integrated statistical database with the ability to disseminate it through an online service for public using website at www.mmsis.gov.mm.